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Winter is Coming: New Troops, New Gear, New Arsenal, New Drones as India Braces for the Long Haul at LAC

1000’s of Indian troops deployed on the icy heights alongside the Line of Precise Management (LAC) are bracing for a second consecutive winter within the harsh terrain amid tense ties with neighbouring China.

Forward of the lengthy, chilly haul, the troops have been geared up with the newest Finnish Sako sniper rifles, Israeli Negev Mild Machine Weapons, the American Sig Sauer assault rifles, in addition to quite a lot of up to date drones together with the indigenous K9 Vajra T weapons and the M777 Extremely-Mild Howitzers (ULH).

Senior defence officers instructed {that a} huge logistical train is underway to supply the troops deployed on the LAC with tonnes of particular rations and kilolitres of kerosene oil and particular gas oil, together with contemporary habitat and extra units of clothes suited to the acute altitude and dipping temperatures over the following few months.

India has additionally considerably ramped up infrastructure on the LAC, significantly in japanese Ladakh, with the development of momentary shelters, roads and bridges for quicker mobility of troops when wanted. The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) has elevated the variety of warehouses within the Ladakh area to retailer bigger portions of ration. The paramilitary pressure has provided meals and ration to its troops a lot earlier this 12 months, within the backdrop of the border tensions.


With India and China failing to achieve consensus over additional disengagement alongside the LAC within the thirteenth spherical of army talks final week, India is getting ready for the lengthy haul within the area. Each nations have been locked in a army standoff on the LAC in japanese Ladakh since Might final 12 months.

There have been hopes that the newest talks between India and China would result in additional disengagement of troops at the very least at Patrolling Level 15 (PP15) within the bigger Scorching Springs space, at the same time as any such growth at Depsang Plains is predicted to take an extended time. China has been blocking Indian patrols on the Y-Junction and entry to PP10 to PP12.

ALSO READ | ‘Chinese Side Not Agreeable, Couldn’t Provide Forward-Looking Proposals’: India Says No Resolution in 13th Round of Military Talks

However with talks deadlocked, Indian troops will proceed holding the newly-created posts at excessive altitudes alongside the LAC that have been unoccupied previous to the Galwan Valley clashes in June 2020.

The stalemate got here every week after a face-off between Indian and Chinese language troops within the Tawang sector in Arunachal Pradesh. As reported by first, a robust Chinese language patrol had transgressed the LAC and tried to wreck some Indian unoccupied bunkers.

ALSO READ | India Foils Chinese Incursion in Arunachal Pradesh, Briefly Detains PLA Troops

An analogous exercise at Uttarakhand’s Barahoti a month in the past displays China’s intent to develop the scope of transgressions alongside the three,488-km LAC.

The lengthy haul

Whereas a regiment of the K9 Vajra T Weapons has been deployed in high-altitude areas of japanese Ladakh, at the very least three regiments of M777 ULH have been inducted at varied areas alongside the LAC. A fourth ULH regiment is more likely to be raised by the tip of this 12 months.

The frontline troops have already been supplied with the American Sig Sauer assault rifles, greater than 72,000 of which have been ordered in two batches every, and the Israeli Negev Mild Machine Weapons, 16,000 of which have been ordered by the Indian Military in 2019. The deliveries for a dozen quick patrol boats and 17 particular troop-carrying boats for japanese Ladakh have additionally begun.

Moreover, troops have additionally been geared up with quite a lot of specialised drones to undertake surveillance and reconnaissance missions. As reported by, 4 new Israeli Herons are more likely to be delivered by the tip of this 12 months and might be deployed on the LAC.

ALSO READ | India Buys 4 Israeli Herons, to Upgrade Them With Missiles as Army, IAF, Navy Ramp Up Drone Inventory

India can also be procuring numerous counter drone programs, a lot of which might be deployed on the LAC. Moreover, the IAF has operationalised its second Rafale squadron at Hasimara in July this 12 months.

Extra Troops, Restructuring Formations

With gradual disengagement in japanese Ladakh within the final one-and-a-half years, the Military has pumped in practically 50,000 to 60,000 extra troops alongside the LAC and in addition restructured a few of its present formations, together with its strike corps.

Defence sources defined that the routine turnover of troops who’ve accomplished their high-altitude tenure, in addition to the rotation of troops of a mountain strike corps deployed for the LAC, has ensured that the boys deployed are contemporary additions and ready for the winter.

“The turnover is managed in order to retain a sure proportion of skilled troops as effectively. Previous to the turnover, on-the-job-training and space familiarisation is carried out,” a defence official defined.

The Military has reoriented a strike corps from the desert sector in direction of the northern sector and one other strike corps for the north-east. It has additionally inducted a further division of counter-insurgency troops and extra infantry brigades. The build-up of Chinese language tanks and weapons has additionally been matched by India with a number of armoured and mechanised items deployed within the space, defence sources mentioned.

In the meantime, the ITBP has additionally deliberate to recruit 10,000 extra jawans, in anticipation of the lengthy haul that India is getting ready for on the LAC. Whereas the proposal has been given a inexperienced sign from the federal government, additional processes are but to be initiated.

Based on sources, the recruitment might be executed in a phased method, and initially, 20% of the entire power could be recruited. It’s going to take a couple of years to finish the whole course of.

The ITBP has additionally crammed up all vacancies within the Ladakh area. The pressure has despatched satisfactory docs and paramedic employees to japanese Ladakh and different areas alongside the LAC to verify no publish is left vacant. The variety of officers posted within the Ladakh area has additionally been elevated.

Infra push & winter stocking

Each India and China have been ramping up their infrastructure alongside the LAC, significantly within the Ladakh area in a bid to consolidate army positions.

The Chinese language have constructed up virtually three infantry divisions and 6 to eight mixed arms brigades with near 450 tanks and an identical variety of artillery weapons near the LAC in japanese Ladakh, defence sources mentioned, including that they’ve additionally deployed quick and medium-range missiles on their aspect nearer to the LAC.

Earlier this month, Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhary had mentioned that the Folks’s Liberation Military Air Power (PLAAF) remains to be deployed at three air bases that face japanese Ladakh, and is creating infrastructure at a speedy tempo. The PLAAF can also be constructing airfields within the Tibet Autonomous Area together with helipads near the LAC.

ALSO READ | IAF To Have Maximum 35 Fighter Squadrons Till Next Decade: Air Chief Marshal Chaudhari

Moreover, China has constructed new modular container-based lodging for its troops on the ahead bases alongside the LAC.

India, too, has ramped up infrastructure near the LAC since final 12 months, together with development of recent roads and bridges, a variety of helipads and habitat for added troops pumped into the area.

This month, the Defence Ministry introduced the launch of 5 main highway tasks in Ladakh to be carried out by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), together with the Hanuthang-Handanbroke-Zungpal-Turtuk highway to supply inter-valley connectivity between the Indus Valley and the Shyok Valley. The highway will scale back journey time to three.5 hours from the present 9 hours.

Except for Ladakh, the BRO can also be establishing a number of roads and bridges in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh near the LAC. In June this 12 months, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had inaugurated a 20-km-long double lane Kimin-Potin highway, together with 9 different roads, in Arunachal Pradesh, and one every within the Union Territories of Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir.

In June, Rajnath Singh had additionally inaugurated the Kyungam bridge on the Indus river on the Leh-Loma axis for improved connectivity and quicker deployment of troops alongside the LAC. As many as 11 bridges have been inaugurated in Ladakh on the time.

The Military can also be enhancing its logistics infrastructure to cater to the sustenance of the hundreds of troops deployed alongside the LAC. Massive-scale procurement of fibreglass huts, over a thousand residing and retailer shelters, and tons of of specialized tentage is underway. Over 10,000 units of particular clothes, boots, and 40,000 units of maximum chilly climate clothes may also be purchased. Methanol-based battery chargers are being tried out within the area and snow mobiles are additionally being procured for troops.

The ITBP additionally plans to construct 40 Built-in Border Outposts (BOPs) within the Ladakh area, which may have operating water in minus-degree temperatures and freeze-proof bathrooms. Nevertheless, regardless of being initiated practically six years in the past, the mission is but to be accomplished.

Chinese language goalpost and what lies forward

Sources within the authorities mentioned one of many crucial the reason why the newest army talks haven’t made headway is India’s push for full disengagement on the remaining unresolved friction factors, together with the Scorching Springs space and Depsang Plains, and never a piecemeal strategy to the general scenario.

Military veterans who’ve served in several sectors alongside the LAC mentioned the largest drawback at current is the belief deficit between the 2 nations.

Lt. Gen. PJS Pannu (Retd), a former commander of the Leh-based 14 Corps which takes care of the whole Ladakh and Kargil areas, instructed that whichever aspect executes the deliberate disengagement first is at all times apprehensive of the opposite aspect transferring in to occupy the vacated heights.

“They’ve at all times modified the goalpost. At instances, they’d discuss in regards to the J&Ok standing in an indirect method, whereas typically they’d level out how India is constructing infrastructure within the space — such because the DS-DBO highway — that’s threatening their pursuits,” he mentioned, speaking in regards to the conferences between the 2 sides.

He added that there are a selection of factors the Chinese language would put forth through the conferences, by no means say in a direct method with solely indirect references.

Speaking in regards to the highway forward, Lt. Gen. Sanjay Kulkarni (Retd), who has served within the Tawang sector twice, agreed that there’s full lack of belief between the 2 nations after the Galwan clashes final 12 months and the way in which ahead for India is to be ready.

“However China has realised that Indian troops are deployed in equal numbers on the bottom. We should construct on that benefit, slowly and steadily modernise to make sure that we’re absolutely ready to tackle China anytime,” he mentioned.

He added that capability constructing takes time, however intentions of the adversary can change in a single day. “We should be ready. If you’re ready, there’ll by no means be something that will be fought on the incorrect foot. That (preparations) should proceed (for the LAC or the LoC),” he mentioned.

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